Agriculture Research Data Book 2002


Categories of biomedical waste


Waste category

Treatment and disposal

Human anatomical waste

Incineration a, Deep burial b

Animal waste

animal tissues, organs, body parts, carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals, colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses

Incineration a

Deep burial b

Microbiology and biotechnology waste

waste from laboratory cultures, stocks or specimens of micro-organisms live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell culture used in research and infectious agents from research and industrial laboratories, waste from production of biologicals, toxins, dishes and devices used for transfer of cultures

Local autoclaving/ micro- waving/ incineration a

Waste sharps

needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps

Disinfection (chemical treatment c )

Autoclaving/ micro- waving and mutilation/ shredding d

Discarded medicines and cytotoxic drugs waste comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines

Incineration/ destruction and drugs a

Disposal in secured landfills

Solid waste

items contaminated with blood and body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, lines, beddings, other material contaminated with blood

Incineration a/ autoclaving/ micro- waving

Solid waste

waste generated from disposal items other then waste sharps such as tubings, catheters, intravenous sets. etc.

Disinfection by chemical treatment c autoclaving/ micro- waving and mutilation/ shredding d

Liquid waste

waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, housekeeping and disinfecting, activities

Disinfection by chemical treatment c and discharge into drains

Incineration ash from incineration of any biomedical waste

Disposal in municipal landfill

Chemical waste

chemicals used in production of biologicals, chemicals used in disinfection, as insecticides, etc.

Chemical treatment and discharge c into drains for liquids and secured landfill for solids

Note : a There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

b Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than half a million and in rural


c Chemical treatment using at least one per cent hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical

regent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfection.

d Multilation / shredding must be such that it prevents unauthorized reuse.

Source : 1. Manual on Hospital Wastage Management, 2000,Central Pollution Control Board, Ministry of Environment

and Forests.

2. TERI Energy Data Directory & Yearbook, 2000-01, Tata Energy Research Institute, New Delhi.